About Gurgaon

About Gurgaon

Gurgaon, a city in Haryana situated towards the southwest of Delhi, is one of the fastest growing urban areas in India. Once a sparsely populated area, Gurgaon today is one of the most prosperous cities in India. Over half of the Fortune 500 companies have offices here. Gurgaon is known as the Singapore of India and Indias Private City. Gurgaon has the highest literacy rate in Haryana, at 84.7 per cent. The per capita income in Gurgaon is the third highest in India. Much of Gurgaons growth was since its administrative split with neighbouring Faridabad, a city which was once more prosperous and better served by civic infrastructure and transportation networks. Connectivity to Delhi, proximity to the Indira Gandhi International Airport, the formation of Maruti Suzukis manufacturing plant in the late 70s are believed to be major factors behind the growth of Gurgaon. 
In summers, temperature in Gurgaon often crosses 43 degree Celsius, and in winters, it often averages 3 Degree Celsius at its extreme. The weather in Gurgaon is humid in summer and cold in winter. 

Infrastructure

Gurgaon has Indias first private fire station and Indias first privately financed metro, the rapid metro in Gurgaon that was built by DLF and Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services Limited (IL&FS). Gurgaon has private sewage collectors and private provision of water and electricity. 
Gurgaon does not have a public citywide sewage system, water system or city-wide public transport networks. But, according to the Ministry of Urban Development, Gurgaons performance in providing sanitation to its residents is above national standards, and much above that of comparable cities like adjacent Faridabad. Even though power supply often fails in Gurgaon, when compared to the rest of India, its performance is still impressive. Gurgaon has some of the best roads in India, such as the Delhi-Gurgaon Expressway. Even though Gurgaon has a metro connectivity, metro lines do not extend to most parts of Gurgaon. 
The Hero Honda Chowk Flyover is under-construction. The Dwarka Expressway, a highway which is built under a private-public partnership is developed. The Dwarka Expressway which links Gurgaon's rapid metro system with the expressway and towards Golf Course Extension Road

Homes and living

Real estate prices in Gurgaon have risen much since the 90s. Office space absorption in Gurgaon is among the highest in India. Unlike many other large Indian cities, the residential real estate markets in Gurgaon tends to be investor driven. Quicker land acquisition, norms favorable to real estate development, availability of large tracts of land are major reasons why Gurgaons real estate industry is strong. Even though property in Gurgaon has become attractive in the past two decades, in the recent past, demand has not been high, as it is in other Indian cities. Housing in Gurgaon is affordable when compared to large cities like Delhi and Mumbai. 
Sohna Road is an emerging real estate destination which is now known as South Gurgaon. When the ongoing and proposed infrastructure projects in Gurgaon are completed, the Dwarka Expressway is likely to be one real estate destination where real estate prices will rise substantially. The Gold Course Road and the Golf Course Extension Road are another two real estate destinations where infrastructure is good and developing. New Gurgaon is an area which is linked to the NH-8, and is well connected to regions like Manesar. Reputed developers are involved in building projects in New Gurgaon. 

Real estate and construction

The Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon collects property taxes in the city. You can pay your property tax online, if you live in Gurgaon. In Gurgaon, house tax is calculated according to the value of the property (annual value of the property if it is rented out), area of the property, whether it is commercial or residential or industrial, and similar factors. There are rebates for defense personnel, former servicemen, war widows, widows of freedom fighters, etc. There are rebates for home owners who pay property tax early. Religious properties are completed exempted from property tax payment. The Stamp Duty is six per cent if the Sale Deed is executed in the name of men, five per cent if executed in the name of women, and five per cent if it is jointly in the name of a man and his female partner.

Demographics

Gurgaon once had largely barren, thinly populated land. Gurgaons population, according to the 2011 Census was 1.5 million people. But, Gurgaons population was merely 1, 21,000 in 1991 and 8, 70,000 in 2011. The rise in population in Gurgaon in the past two decades was tremendous. As Gurgaon was once thinly populated, it was not considered an urban area by the Indian government. Jamshedpur in Jharkhand is the only Indian city which lacks an urban local authority today, despite having a population over a million, like Gurgaon did, till 2008. Men-women ratio in Gurgaon is much higher than in other Indian cities, but many attribute this to migration of male professionals to the city. 

Governance

Unlike in many comparable cities, the Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon (MCG) was formed as late as 2008. Gurgaon did not have an active urban local government since it was split from Faridabad. But, even after its formation, the authority of the MCG was limited. The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) still wields significant power over the city The MCG also builds roads, maintenance of existing roads and sewage systems, building drainage and rainwater harvesting systems, and providing water and electricity supply. MCG provides many services like fire protection though private corporations and large developers have tried to build their own fire protection systems. 
The Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam provides electricity in Gurgaon, though private production of electricity using diesel generators is quite common. Gurgaon has a government bus service, though the public transportation needs are much higher. 

Industry and employment

Gurgaon is one of Indias largest industrial and information technology hubs. As many of the worlds major companies have offices in Gurgaon, employment opportunities in Gurgaon are rising. Gurgaon is also a major outsourcing and offshoring hub. Migration of white-collar employees to Gurgaon has raised real estate prices in the city in the past two decades. With the rising number of jobs, young working professionals from other Indian states like Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan have been moving to Gurgaon. There are also many automobile manufacturing plants in Gurgaon, including that of Hero Honda and Maruti Suzuki. DLF owns large tracts of land in Gurgaon, and this is seen as a major reason behind the citys growth. General Electric, Microsoft, Coca-Cola, IBM and Microsoft have their head offices in India in Gurgaon. 

Lifestyle

Gurgaon has dozens of large shopping malls, many large five star hotels, golf courses and outlets of leading fashion brands like Louis Vuitton and Chanel. Gurgaon has many parks like Leisure Valley Park and Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Park, though many of the parks in the city are run by the Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA). Ambience Mall in Gurgaon is one of the most popular shopping destinations. Manhattan and Vapour are among the popular pubs and brewery in Gurgaon. MGF Megacity Mall, Sahara Mall, Metropolitan Mall, MGF Mall, Raheja Mall, Plaza Mall, Omaxe Mall and Ansal Plaza Mall are the popular malls in the city. Appu Ghar in Gurgaon is another major entertainment avenue. Neemrana

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